Five Common Causes of Hyperpigmentation in the Skin
Hyperpigmentation is a term used to describe dark areas or spots on the skin. You may have problems with acne scarring, sun spots, or discoloration from conditions such as eczema or psoriasis.
Some discoloration is normal, but it can be embarrassing and frustrating when it becomes excessive. Dermatologist Dr. Adam B. Bodian discusses some of the most common causes of hyperpigmentation below so you can take appropriate action at Bodian Dermatology and Medical Day Spa in Great Neck, NY. Our team is proud to offer several safe and effective hyperpigmentation treatments for reducing the appearance of spots.
1. Hormone fluctuations
Discoloration of the skin is sometimes referred to as "melasma" and occurs in many women due to hormone changes during pregnancy, oral contraceptives, or hormone replacement therapy. Menopause is another time when hormones affect your skin and cause dark spots to appear. Discoloration may fade once your hormones are back in balance, but you may need some form of treatment to help fade the dark spots.
2. Family history of melasma
If most people in your family have had melasma or another form of discoloration, then there's a strong likelihood that you inherited this tendency. Ask your parents, siblings, and grandparents if they've had any issues with their skin. A dermatologist can discuss ways to prevent future problems and which hyperpigmentation treatment options are safe for your needs in Great Neck, NY.
Some races are more susceptible to discoloration than others because of their skin tone. Examples include Asian, Hispanic, and African skin tones. This doesn't mean people of other races can't experience hyperpigmentation, but it is more common in certain ethnicities. If you're unsure, ask your dermatologist, and they can help determine if your skin tone is prone to dark spots.
4. Anti-seizure medications
Some anti-seizure drugs can cause dark spots to form on the skin. This is usually a harmless side effect, but it's important to know if you are taking this type of medication. Let us know if you have issues with discoloration due to these medications, and our staff may be able to recommend an alternative.
5. Medications that make your skin susceptible to sunlight
If you spend a lot of time in the sun, be sure to check your medications before heading outdoors. Certain drugs make your skin more prone to sun spots. If you're taking one of these drugs and plan on being outside, consider bringing an umbrella or wearing a hat for extra protection. Broad-spectrum sunscreens are also a must.
How is hyperpigmentation treated?
Dr. Bodian provides several options for hyperpigmentation treatment so you can love your skin again. For example, some topical creams reverse dark spots and encourage skin lightening. Procedures like chemical peels, microdermabrasion, or Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) may also help. Our newest treatment, the Pico Genesis, uses non-thermal pulses of laser light to target dark spots and remodel the skin.
Get clearer skin
Melasma, sun spots, and all other forms of discoloration are difficult to hide and even more challenging to treat on your own. The good news is there are many ways to address problems with hyperpigmentation in Great Neck, NY. Dr. Adam B. Bodian can perform a quick skin evaluation and discuss the best options for your needs. Schedule a consultation at Bodian Dermatology and Medical Day Spa to get started.