About Birthmarks and Hyperpigmentation
If you have a birthmark or hyperpigmentation, you may feel self-conscious because its coloring stands out from the rest of your body. A birthmark is a spot that is different in color or texture than the rest of your skin. It may appear anywhere on your body and is visible at or soon after birth. Even though birthmarks are harmless, they should be analyzed in infants once they're noticed. A birthmark could be an indication of an underlying condition. Birthmarks can appear black, brown, pink, red, purple, tan, or blue. Hyperpigmentation appears as dark spots anywhere on the body and is typically caused by acne scarring, sun spots, or other conditions, like melasma, eczema, or psoriasis. Dr. Adam Bodian can diagnose and treat pigmentation problems in patients of all ages. Schedule a consultation for an examination at Bodian Dermatology in Great Neck, NY.
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"I go to Dr. Bodian for my yearly skin check and always have a pleasant experience. He and his nurse are both kind, down to earth, and attentive to all my needs. The office is always clean and his staff, very courteous."- P.M. / Google / Oct 26, 2023
"I had a painful rash and when I called the office Linda managed to squeeze me in the same day even though I was a new patient. Dr Bodian was great at diagnosing me and gave me a cream that worked immediately. All the staff in the office is friendly and professional. Great overall experience."- L.N. / Google / Sep 12, 2023
"I enjoy coming to this practice. Dr. Bodian is down to earth, experienced, intuitive, and made recommendations to me that no ever had before regarding my concerns. The treatments he recommended to me have also been highly effective thus far. My only regret is that I hadn’t discovered his practice sooner! The staff is also attentive, friendly, and very organized. Thank you Dr. Bodian! -Amelia"- B.I. / Google / Aug 04, 2023
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What causes Pigmentation Disorders?
Pigmentation disorders vary by type and can occur in children and adults alike.
- Birthmarks: These dark spots on the skin can appear in infants of all races. Several birthmarks (deep or strawberry hemangiomas, salmon patches, and port-wine stains) may be formed if a blood vessel doesn't develop properly. Other birthmarks (moles, Mongolian or café-au-lait spots, and also other hemangiomas) have no known cause. A hemangioma is far more likely to develop on a baby who is underweight, or part of a multiple birth (twin or triplet), as well as Caucasian females. Some birthmarks disappear as the child grows older while others remain.
- Hyperpigmentation: This skin condition is caused by excess melanin produced in the skin, which can be the result of sun damage, acne scars, injury, medication side effects, hormones, or a condition, like eczema or melasma. Most forms of hyperpigmentation can appear anywhere on the body, although melasma is typically seen on the face. A high dose of sunlight is perhaps the primary cause of hyperpigmentation.
What Are Symptoms of Birthmarks
The symptoms of birthmarks vary depending on the type. Vascular birthmarks, caused by abnormal blood vessels, may appear as pink or red patches or raised lesions. Port-wine stains and hemangiomas are common examples of vascular birthmarks. Pigmented birthmarks, which result from an overgrowth of pigment cells, can present as brown, tan, or black marks. Mongolian spots and café-au-lait spots are examples of pigmented birthmarks. While most birthmarks are benign and do not cause any symptoms, some individuals may experience cosmetic concerns or, in rare cases, complications like ulceration or bleeding. It's important to consult our team at Bodian Dermatology for a proper diagnosis and to address any potential concerns associated with birthmarks.
How Are Pigmentation Disorders Treated?
You should have birthmarks or hyperpigmentation examined by Dr. Bodian before determining the course of treatment. We provide laser treatments in our office using Cutera® lasers (PICO Genesis™, Laser Genesis, or excel® V) and/or MaxG™ intense pulsed light (IPL) phototherapy. Most patients find that these treatments are highly effective in reducing the size and color of pigment imperfections. Using highly focused beams of light to penetrate deep into the skin, our lasers safely target and eliminate blood vessels while protecting the surrounding skin. Each treatment can be done separately or in combination. During your consultation, Dr. Bodian will determine the best treatment plan for your skin care needs and whether you will need to undergo multiple sessions.
Following your treatment, a healing ointment will be smoothed over the skin and you can go home to recover. The treated skin may appear pink, and there may be some irritation and swelling. These symptoms subside within a couple of days, and the peeling process will occur over a 3 – 5-day timeframe. If you are receiving a more intense laser treatment, your downtime will take longer. The treatment areas may be protected with dressings, and the swelling, irritation, and burning symptoms may be stronger. As your body continues to produce collagen over time, you should see a healthier layer of skin with a more even tone and fewer dark spots.
Birthmark and Hyperpigmentation FAQ
Can birthmarks and hyperpigmentation go away?
In some cases, hyperpigmentation and birthmarks can fade on their own. However, in the majority of situation, they will require treatment in order to reduce their visibility. The exact time it takes for these patches of skin to fade will vary from one patient to another.
What makes hyperpigmentation worse?
There are a number of factors that could make hyperpigmentation more visible. The biggest reason, however, is the son. UV rays found in natural sunlight can cause the skin to darken, causing hyperpigmentation. If you've noticed signs of hyperpigmentation, be proactive by avoiding the sun whever possible and wearing broad-spectrum sunscreen.
What causes hyperpigmentation?
It's hard to nail down just one. Hyperpigmentation has been known to have a variety of causes, including hormonal changes, age, skin injuries, inflammastion, and sun exposure. Speak with our team today to try to determine a cause and treatment for your case of hyperpigmentation.
Get a Professional Diagnosis
If skin discoloration caused by birthmarks or hyperpigmentation is affecting your self-image, Bodian Dermatology can diagnose and treat your pigment irregularities. We encourage you to schedule a consultation with Dr. Bodian to learn more about your treatment choices. Contact our office in Great Neck, NY today.