What is Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a medical term referring to dark patches that appear on the skin. The darkened splotches can show up anywhere on the body and can vary in shape and size. Hyperpigmentation includes acne scarring, sun spots (freckles or age spots), or discoloration from conditions, like eczema or psoriasis. Patients who experience hormone-induced hyperpigmentation may have a condition known as melasma. It is usually seen on the forehead, cheeks, nose, or upper lip. Dr. Adam Bodian treats hyperpigmentation regularly at Bodian Dermatology where we offer numerous remedies that may lessen the visibility of this condition. We encourage you to contact our office in Great Neck, NY to learn more.
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Causes of Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation is caused by excess melanin produced from sun damage, acne scars, injury, medication side effects, hormones, or a condition, like eczema. A high dose of sunlight is perhaps the primary cause of hyperpigmentation. For example, freckles, age spots, or other darkened areas may become darker after sun exposure. In melasma patients, the dark patches are likely caused by various factors, such as hormone fluctuations, family history of melasma, race, anti-seizure medications, and other medications that make the skin more susceptible to pigmentation after exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light.
Symptoms of Hyperpigmentation
If you have areas of discolored skin on your body, it is probably hyperpigmentation. You should be able to tell whether your hyperpigmentation is caused by melasma based on where it occurs. Melasma typically appears on the face amid the upper lip, nose, chin, forehead, cheeks, or jawline. The appearance of melasma sets it apart from other conditions that lead to dark patches on the skin.
Hyperpigmentation Treatment Options
There are several choices for the treatment of hyperpigmentation. First, there are a number of topical creams that may be given to help encourage skin lightening. Dr. Bodian has developed multiple compounded creams that are excellent for reversing dark spots. Second, there are skin care procedures, such as chemical peels, microdermabrasion, Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) or lasers. Our newest laser for this is the pico genesis. Pico Genesis uses gentle non-thermal pulses of laser light to target unwanted pigment and remodel the upper layers of the skin. Improvements generally last when the patient implements good sun protection and upkeep.
Get a Professional Diagnosis
If you are affected by hyperpigmentation and are fed up with trying to conceal it, or if you spend extra money on over-the-counter remedies that do not offer you the results you would like, we invite you to call Bodian Dermatology to schedule a consultation. Hyperpigmentation requires a special diagnosis so the ideal treatment can be provided. Dr. Bodian can correctly diagnose and treat hyperpigmentation to supply you with lighter, healthier-looking skin.